Advanced Search Help
Typically, the first search page that you access in the catalog has simple Basic Search options. However, you can return to Basic Search from other search pages by clicking Basic Search, if available, or by clicking Search.
Click Power Search to further refine your initial search.
Click Browse Search to browse on authors, titles, subjects, series, or journal titles.
Searching using Operators allows you to focus your search. Operators available for use are and, or, and not.
Precise Phrase Searching allows a set of terms to be marked as a single phrase by enclosing the expression in quotation marks. This enclosed search expression must be matched in the catalog exactly as typed in the search field. Example: "Gone with the Wind"
Also see: Stopwords
Please note that results which contain the entered search terms in exact word order, but not as a separate phrase, may also be produced by this type of search. Example: "Days Gone By" may return "End of Days / Gone by tomorrow".
Searching Keyword Index Synonyms allows one or more of entry tags to be represented with a keyword index synonym name (such as AU for author or TI for title).
Certain words in the English language occur with very high frequency when phrase searching. Words such as 'the', 'a', 'to', 'in', etc. are called stopwords in most searches, meaning they are ignored while the rest of the phrase is the focus of the search. The catalog ignores stopwords when searching the catalog, allowing searching on the keywords of an expression.
Stopwords are usually articles and prepositions, such as a, an, as, at, be, by, do, for, if, in, it, of, on, the, and to, among others.
Please note that stopwords in exact phrase searches enclosed in quotation marks are ignored. For example: a search for the exact phrase "by the dawn's early light" will produce results that contain both stopwords "by" and "the", results that contain only one of the stopwords, or results that only contain the three keywords "dawn's early light".
Substitution and Truncation
Searching Using Substitution and Truncation allows the symbols ? and $ to be used to represent substitution and truncation. The '?' may be allowed to represent a single character in the middle of a word, while the $ may be used to represent many characters at the end of a word. Examples: wom?n to search for women/woman, wom$ to search for woman/women/womb/wombat/etc.
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