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20 Questions About Jacksonville's History

Jacksonville City Seal
  1. When was Duval County founded?
  2. August 12, 1822
    Source: Gold, Pleasant Daniel. "History of Duval County, Florida," p. 99.
  3. After whom was Duval County named?
  4. Gov. William P. Duval
    Source: Gold, Pleasant Daniel. "History of Duval County, Florida," p. 99.
  5. Who founded Jacksonville? When?
  6. Isaiah D. Hart, in 1822
    Source: "Jacksonville." World Book Online Reference Center. World Book, 2014. Web. 28 May 2014.
  7. After whom was Jacksonville named?
  8. Andrew Jackson [first territorial governor of Florida, later President of the U.S.]
    Source: Ward, James Robertson. "Old Hickory's Town," p. 116.
  9. What was Jacksonville's original name?
  10. Cow Ford
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 25.
  11. What is the name of Jacksonville's official flower?
  12. Loblolly bay (Gordonia lasianthus)
    Source: "Ordinance Code, City of Jacksonville, Florida," Chapter 130.103.
  13. Who was Jacksonville's first mayor?
  14. William J. Mills
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 293.
  15. What happened in Jacksonville on August 31, 1886?
  16. Earthquake
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 175.
  17. What epidemic started in Jacksonville? What year?
  18. Yellow fever, 1888
    Source: Florida Times-Union, August 7, 1988 *B-1+.
  19. After whom was Hemming Park named?
  20. Charles C. Hemming [banker and Confederate War hero, donor of the park's Confederate Monument]
    Source: Ward, James Robertson. "Old Hickory's Town," p. 234.
  21. When did Jacksonville open its first "Free Public Library"?
  22. 1878
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 428.
  23. When did Jacksonville establish its first post office?
  24. March 24, 1824
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 338.
  25. When was the great fire of Jacksonville?
  26. May 3, 1901
    Source: Foley, Bill and Wood, Wayne W. "The Great Fire of 1901," p. 10.
  27. What was the name of Jacksonville's first organized fire company? When was this fire company established?
  28. Friendship Hook and Ladder Fire Company, January 10, 1868
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 311.
  29. Who was Jacksonville's first marshal?
  30. W. S. Rawson
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 308.
  31. Who was Jacksonville's first captain of police (chief of police)?
  32. I. N. Divine
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 308.
  33. What was the name of Jacksonville's first newspaper?
  34. Jacksonville Courier
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick." History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 448.
  35. What was the name of Jacksonville's first hospital?
  36. S. Luke's Hospital
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 424.
  37. What was the name of the first thorough public school in Florida, located in the city of Jacksonville?
  38. Duval High School
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 420.
  39. What are the names of the first two junior high schools in Jacksonville?
  40. John Gorrie Junior High School, and, Kirby Smith Junior High School
    Source: Davis, T. Frederick. "History of Jacksonville, Florida and Vicinity 1513-1924," p. 422.

Revised May 28, 2014